Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Katie Tulloch and Hugo Van Woerden
Vasiliki Kiparoglou Senior Public Health Practitioner, Public Health Wales, Cardiff
Background Stop Smoking Wales (SSW) is using an intervention approach and its success rates vary across different sub-groups of the population. This study seeks to examine gender and smoking cessation success for clients across Wales.
Methods Data from (n=26,018) contacts in SSW in 2010-11 were used in order to assess the association between gender, attendance and successful quit rates in South East, North, Mid- and West Wales. The main outcome measure was abstinence from smoking 4 weeks after the target quit date.
Results Analyses of the data showed that there was a significant difference between males and females who contacted the service in Wales (p<0.001). Females contributed to 55.8% of clients in total whereas males to 44.2%. There is no significant difference in attendance at the assessment session and conversion to treated smoker between genders. Finally, there was a significant difference in quit rates between males and females with a higher proportion of males quitting when compared to females across Wales (p<0.001).
Conclusions Females are more likely to contact the service when compared to males but males have a higher quit rate. All smokers should be encouraged to use the service of SSW.